Qual è la differenza tra bring e take?

Posted on Updated on

Questo argomento causa molti problemi agli studenti, in particolar modo agli italiani perché bring e take sono espressi in italiano da un solo verbo: “portare”. Sfortunatamente però in inglese – qualcuno dirà “Come al solito!” – ci sono due parole! Qual è la differenza?

In realtà c’è una regola molto semplice, la regola di base da ricordare è:

You bring here and you take there.

Ciò che conta è la posizione di colui che parla / ascolta rispetto al luogo dove deve andare l’oggetto di cui si sta parlando: si usa bring per movimenti verso colui che parla /ascolta e take per movimenti nell’altra direzione. Diamo un’occhiata a degli esempi e vediamo qual è la differenza.

Make sure you arrive here for dinner at 7.30pm, and please bring a bottle of wine. (here = qui per chi parla)

If we go to Roberta’s for lunch, we should take a bottle of wine. (Roberta’s = sia per chi parla sia per chi ascolta)

You are too drunk to drive, I’ll take you home. (casa = sia per chi ascolta sia per chi parla)

This is a great film, thanks for bringing me to the cinema. (il cinema = qui sia per chi ascolta sia per chi parla)

Un po’ più difficile ora…

When we come to your house for dinner on Sunday, we’ll bring a bottle of wine. (casa vostra = qui per chi ascolta)

A questo punto viene spontaneo chiedersi… ok, capisco che è qui per chi ascolta, ma non è qui per chi parla, come faccio a sapere che devo usare bring? Bene, spesso la differenza tra bring e take dipende molto dalla prospettiva, dal punto di vista dal quale si considera la situazione: in questo caso chi parla pensa dal punto di vista di chi ascolta, non dal suo, quindi usa bring!

Come visto in alcuni dei precedenti esempi, questo concetto si applica anche quando si parla al passato o al futuro, in riferimento al luogo in cui chi parla/ascolta era o sarà:

A. Where’s my toothbrush?

B. I brought it to you when you were in the kitchen.

A. Why would I need my toothbrush while I’m in the kitchen?!

I’ll be out of the office tomorrow morning, can you take the report to the boss at 9am please?

È tutto. Facile, no? …you bring here, and you take there.

Ecco un paio di link ad alcuni esercizi, uno qui e l’altro qui.Image

This question causes many problems for students, particularly Italians because in Italian both bring and take can be used for the single word ‘Portare’.  But unfortunately, and some of you may say typically, in English we have two words! So, what’s the difference?

There is actually a very simple rule for this, the basic rule you have to remember is this:

You Bring here and you Take there.

What is important is the position of the speaker or hearer relative to the place where the object needs to go, bring for movements to the position of the speaker or hearer, but take for movements to other positions. Let’s look at some examples and compare:

Make sure you arrive here for dinner at 7.30pm, and please bring a bottle of wine (here = here for the speaker)

If we go to Roberta’s for lunch, we should take a bottle of wine. (Roberta’s = there for the speaker)

You are too drunk to drive, I’ll take you home. (home = there for both hearer and speaker)

This is a great film, thanks for bringing me to the cinema. (the cinema = here for both hearer and speaker)

A bit more difficult now…

When we come to your house for dinner on Sunday, we’ll bring a bottle of wine. (your house = here for the hearer)

You may be asking yourself…ok, I understand that this is here for the person listening, but it isn’t here for the person speaking, how do I know that I should use Bring?  Well, often the difference between bring and take largely depends upon the perspective from which you are considering the matter, in this case the speaker is thinking from the perspective of the listener, not from his own perspective, and so he uses bring.

You should also use the same concept if you are using the future or past tenses, you refer to the place where the speaker/hearer was or will be:

A. Where’s my toothbrush?

B. I brought it to you when you were in the kitchen.

A. Why would I need my toothbrush while I’m in the kitchen?!

I’ll be out of the office tomorrow morning, can you take the report to the boss at 9am please?

Right, that’s it. Nice and easy…you Bring here, and you Take there.

Here are a couple of links to some practice exercises, here and here.

Please share your thoughts with us!

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s